Religious conflicts in nigeria: issues and solutions chapter one: general introduction 10 introduction many will attest to it that the jos crisis vividly exemplifies or by locus classicus describes a rancorous experience against religious intolerance. Nigeria has equal numbers of christians and muslims, and 92 percent of the country's population says they pray every day, according to a 2010 poll by the pew forum on religion & public life. This article is focused on the historical incidents of ethnic conflicts in within nigeria societies, the cause of the conflicts and perhaps, the government actions towards ethnic conflict in the country. With the return of democracy in 1999, nigeria has had a complicated federal system of government with numerous rules and traditions aimed at tamping down religious and sectional conflict.
Ethnic conflicts in nigeria implications on good governance by david o alao popoola michael a abstract nigeria, as a multi ethnic nation, has continued to grapple with the challenges of curbing the incessant ethnic conflicts that have constituted a serious challenge and put the unity and peaceful co-existence of the various ethnic groups in the country at a risk. Ii ethnic and religious conflicts in kaduna and plateau states: implications for development in nigeria by along john yahaya pg/ph d/08/48308 a thesis submitted to the department of religion & cultural studies, faculty of the social sciences, university of nigeria nsukka. The history of ethnicity and ethnic conflicts in nigeria is also traced back to the colonial transgressions that forced the ethnic groups of the northern and southern provinces to become an entity called nigeria in 1914 in the case of nigeria situation, disturbing history of colonialism, this generated hatred and conflict among different. Basically, nigeria is a plural society and heterogeneous in virtually all the facet of life the custom and tradition of nigerians is so diverse to the extent that nigeria as a country is now confronted with the problem of religion and ethnicity towards their political stability.
View conflict in nigeria in a larger map cultural concepts of political legitimacy, the rule of law and rights to land, differ markedly, resulting in a pluralistic state with few shared values. Inter-ethnic and religious conflict resolution in nigeria will interest students of african history and current affairs, scholars of anthropology and ethnicity studies, and those involved in international relations and peace studies. The current conflict in the niger delta first arose in the early 1990s over tensions between foreign oil corporations and a number of the niger delta's minority ethnic groups who feel they are being exploited, particularly the ogoni and the ijaw. In addition, the political elites have always sought to manipulate the multifaceted identities (ethnic, regional, minority-majority, and religious divisions) especially during political competition and this has given rise to conflicts and instability in nigeria (nnoli 1978, dudley 1973. The analysis of ethno-religious conflict in nigeria that this paper proposes is guided by a general distinction made by sandole (as cited in cheldelin et al, 2008) about the progressive manifestation of conflict.
Ethnic and religious conflict in nigeria 3148 words | 13 pages stability in nigeria’s fourth republic (1999-2011) introduction background to the study basically, nigeria is a plural society and heterogeneous in virtually all the facet of life. Nigeria christian / muslim conflict nigeria's two major religions, islam and christianity, are sometimes depicted as monolithic entities that confront each other in pitched battles, with formal. Christian ethnic groups in southern nigeria have been drawn into these religious conflicts, with their members in northern nigerian cities frequently targeted by muslim mobs.
Nigeria has not been without its fair share of conflict in fact, no decade of post-independent nigeria has been conflict free with several coups, general strikes and a civil war, nigerians have had to experience some of the most sordid tragedies arising from difference of opinions and distrust. The political background to nigeria’s ethnic conflicts nigeria, before it was colonized by the british, had a multi-cultural/multi- ethnic, multi-religious, multi-lingual and even multi political culture. Violent conflict in nigeria, like other parts of the world, has created a rift in human relations, among many other effects conflict is inevitable as long as we live together, especially in a multi-ethnic, cultural and religious community.
(waldmeir and m holman, 1994) but in nigeria, the politicians are still putting out the growing flames of ethnic conflicts and religious violence this is partly due to the government's lack of will and partly due to the military, which has been a stumbling block in the transition to democracy for some time. Religious conflicts are as old as ethnic conflicts religion is a double edged sword which could serve as an instrument of social integration or serve as a motivation for violence ( maregere 2011) with endless religious cum ethnic conflicts in the nigerian polity, religion has served more as an instrument and motivation for violence than for. Religion and conflict in nigeria countdown to the 2015 elections special reportunited states institute of peacewwwusiporg summary • nigeria is by far the largest country in the world—with a population of just over 180 mil-lion—evenly divided between muslims and christians.
The basis of religious conflicts among the people in nigeria another achievement at the part of british people was division of northern and southern part of the basis of ethnic groups and they. Let's start by examining the causes of conflict in nigeria from a religious perspective the main reason for this is an intolerance between religious groups the struggle between religious groups in nigeria started in the middle of the 20th century. Across nigeria, issues ranging from electricity shortages to armed robbery are much higher on the list of everyday concerns than religious differences. Why a terrifying religious conflict is raging in nigeria in the country's so-called middle belt, 785 people have died in the past two years, and the government is doing little to stop it john.